There are different processes for getting a uniqname based on a person's relationship to the university, and these are detailed in the sections below. Once a uniqname is created, some general things happen for everyone:
Creation of an MCommunity Directory profile triggers creation of an Active Directory (UMROOT) account.
Having an affiliation that is eligible for an M+Google account or the ability to create an M+Box account added to a person's MCommunity Directory profile triggers set up of those services. Access to other services may be set up by other automated processes or by departments.
Ann Arbor campus. After new incoming students have "matriculated," or paid their enrollment deposit, their student affiliation is entered in Wolverine Access (which has a live connection to MCommunity) and they receive an e-mail invitation to create their own uniqname via the web. (more detail about when Ann Arbor students get access)
Dearborn campus. U-M Dearborn's Information Technology Services creates uniqnames and passwords for students on the Dearborn campus after they have registered. MCommunity receives nightly data updates from the Dearborn campus. (more detail about when Dearborn students get access)
Flint campus. Uniqnames and passwords are created through a process that begins with the U-M Flint Registrar's Office. MCommunity receives weekly data updates from the Flint campus. (more detail about when Flint students get access)
Staff on all three campuses who are hired through U-M's online applicant management system. Those hired through the online system (called eRecruit) receive an e-mail invitation to create their own uniqname via the web. Once they have a uniqname, a preliminary MCommunity Directory profile is created for them. This triggers automatic creation of an Active Directory account. On the new staff member's first day of work, their job appointment becomes active, and their university affiliation is added to their MCommunity profile. For staff on the Ann Arbor campus, this triggers creation of their M+Google account. (more detail about when staff get access)
Ann Arbor faculty. Uniqnames are created by departmental sponsorship administrators or by ITS Service Center staff using the MCommunity Sponsor System. A directory profile and Active Directory account are generated as part of the sponsorship process. Once new faculty have an active affiliation, uniqname, and directory profile, an M+Google account is set up automatically for them. (more detail about when Ann Arbor faculty get access)
Dearborn faculty. Human Resources staff on the Dearborn campus can get uniqnames, directory profiles for faculty using the MCommunity Sponsor System. Dearborn faculty can also request a uniqname in person at the Dearborn Accounts Office. (more detail about when Dearborn faculty get access)
Flint faculty. Human Resources staff on the Flint campus can get uniqnames and directory profiles for faculty using the MCommunity Sponsor System. Flint faculty can also request uniqnames from Flint's Information Technology Services unit. (more detail about when Flint faculty get access)
U-M Hospitals staff. Hospitals staff hired through U-M's online applicant management system may receive an invitation to create their own uniqname via the web. Medical Center Information Technology (MCIT) creates uniqnames for many staff members associated with U-M Hospitals. A directory profile is created automatically when the staff person gets a uniqname. Once the new staff person has an affiliation, uniqname, and directory profile, an M+Google account is set up automatically for them. Hospitals staff do not receive access to to Google Mail and Calendar. Instead, they use an email service provided by the Health System. (more detail about when Hospitals staff get access)
Sponsored people are those who are affiliated with the university but who are not faculty, staff, students, or alumni. Sponsored individuals receive uniqnames by being sponsored by their department or unit. An MCommunity Directory profile is created as part of the sponsorship process. As soon as a person has a sponsorship, uniqname, and directory profile, an Active Directory (UMROOT) account and an M+Google account are automatically created for them. (more detail about access for sponsored people)
Alumni who did not receive a uniqname when they were students can create a uniqname on the Alumni Association's Uniqname Sign-Up Page. Alumni who aren't sure if they already have a uniqname or not can check on that same page. Once alumni have a uniqname, their MCommunity Directory profile is created automatically. (more detail about access for alumni)